Peter Barnes: Isaiah 5:1-11
(10 February 2019)
– Isa.7:14; 9:6-7. Assyria will be chopped down, and not rise; Judah will be chopped down and yet from it will rise the coming King.
1. The Messiah will rise as the royal Branch.
– 11:1. Jesse was David’s father. David became king, but Jesse was a lowly shepherd in the little town of Bethlehem. After Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians in 587 B.C., there was no Davidic king. The Davidic line would become a stump before it would rise in kingly glory. This is emphasised elsewhere in Isaiah – Isa.53:1-2.
– 11:10. The root of Jesse surely means the source of Jesse. See Matt.22:41-46; Rev.22:16.
2. The Messiah will be anointed by the Spirit.
– Jesus was anointed with the Holy Spirit – 11:2; see Isa.61:1-3.
In 1758 John Newton preached a disastrous first sermon at the Independent White Chapel in Leeds. Not so with the Messiah. Jesus preached His first sermon at Nazareth in the synagogue – see Luke 4:16-21.
3. The Messiah will rule in righteousness.
– 11:3-5. There is a contrast with 3:12-15.
– 1 Sam.16:7; John 8:15-16.
– Psalm 72:1-4, 12-14. Prophecy in Isaiah becomes fulfilment in Luke 4 and consummation at the Second Coming.