Isaiah: The Coming of Immanuel

Peter Barnes: Isaiah 7:10-16 (NO AUDIO)

(18 November 2018)

Isaiah 7:1-25 deals with judgment, for Ahaz the king of Judah is trusting in Assyria to protect Judah from the forces of unbelieving Syria and apostate Israel (7:1-9). God’s word can harden as well as enlighten (6:9-10).
1. The consequences of rejecting God’s free offer.

– 7:10-11. God offers unbelieving Ahaz a blank cheque. Christ tells us: ‘He who comes to Me shall never be cast out’ (John 6:37). It is grace.

– Ahaz knows a bit about Scripture but not enough – 7:12; see Deut.6:16; Matt.4:7. Dale Ralph Davis says that this is ‘all humbug’ on Ahaz’s part. So Isaiah has a few words to say to the king – 7:13.
2. The virgin birth.

– 7:14. Some say the son is Hezekiah, the godly son of ungodly Ahaz, but Hezekiah was already born and about five or six years of age. Others say that it is Isaiah’s wife and refers to the birth of Maher-shalal-hash-baz – 8:3. But Mrs Isaiah already had a son – 7:3. Others say it signifies Zion as a woman and refers to the remnant. Many evangelical commentators see a double fulfilment.

– Edward J. Young and Dale Ralph Davis see a single fulfilment in the birth of the Messiah – Matt.1:23. The translation is not ‘young woman’ (see Gen.24:16, 43; Ex.2:8; Song of Songs 6:8).

– the Messiah is not just extraordinary but unique.
3. The coming of Immanuel.

-7:14. Immanuel means ‘God with us’. In Christ, it is true literally and completely – John 14:9; Col.2:9.

– 7:15-16. The Messiah grows – Luke 2:52; Heb.2:14a. Isaiah is simply referring to a short period of time. Syria was crushed in 732 B.C.; Israel was crushed in 722 B.C. Ahaz panicked and looked to Assyria for help.